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Infant development on the back. My baby is catching its feet.
We need to start at the very beginning – that is, how a baby’s body changes when lying on its back. The body of a newborn and the body of an infant are significantly different.
When a newborn is lying on its back its arms are spread out to the side and bent at the elbow joints, while a baby’s legs are bent at the hip and knee joints and drawn towards its tummy. It is only with the passing of time that significant changes take place in the body of a toddler – a newborn turns into an infant. The biggest changes take place between 3 and 4 months of age.
What does it look like exactly?
The first and second month of a baby’s life means lack of trunk stabilization, the head is always turned to one side, the baby lies asymmetrically. The legs are bent in the “frog” position, the arms are close to the child’s trunk, usually bent in the “wing” position.
The third and fourth month of life is the period of the greatest changes in the body of a small human being. When a baby lies on its back, it starts to have a symmetrical position, i.e. the nose, navel, pubic symphysis are in one line and the shoulder girdle is parallel to the pelvic girdle. The child starts to join his or her hands in the middle line of the body, starts to grab the thighs with his or her hands and even the knees with an active pelvis. An active pelvis means one that can break away from the ground. At the end of the fourth month and at the beginning of the fifth month the baby starts to roll from side to side.
In the fifth month she is able to grab her knees and even her calves. She can lift her pelvis up and slant it to actively turn from her back to her belly.
In the sixth month the toddler lifts his pelvis up off the ground, grabs his feet and puts them in his mouth.
Why is the stage of grabbing the knees and then the feet and putting them in the mouth important?
By lifting the pelvis up, the child is working against the force of gravity, strengthening the abdominal muscles and working on trunk stability. This makes it easier for the child to turn and then learn to move.
I hope you already know how your baby develops on his back and why being able to lift his bottom up and grab his feet is important.
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